# How to get an ‘A’ in SQA Higher Maths

This advice is for those who are intent on obtaining an ‘A’ pass at SQA Higher maths. Please read and implement today. So many students will read this advice but leave doing anything about it until only a few weeks before the exam when it will likely be too late to change the course of things — if you are reading this in April, a month before your exam, then you need advice other than that which is provided here.

Achievement in mathematics is much more easily realised than people would imagine, but it has to be earned through a steady effort.

*Μη είναι βασιλικήν ατραπόν επί γεωμετρίαν* — *“there is no royal trail (shortcut) towards geometry”* Euclid’s reply to Ptolemy I, when the latter asked if there was a quicker route to learning than study of The Elements

*“Train hard, fight easy.”* — Generalissimo Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov — The Science of Victory

*“Mathematics is not a spectator sport” *— an observation made by many teachers of mathematics

- get a coach — due to class size numbers it is unfortunately the case that individuals do not receive the 1-1 help that they sometimes need, this is where a tutor comes in!
- remember you are learning maths so it is okay not to know how to do something but you must find out — the onus is on you!
- become diligent — look this word up if you don’t know it
- work steadily
- develop grit — do not be put off by setbacks

- develop top notch ‘C’ grade skills — basically things that can be improved by practice eg completing the square, rules for differentiation and integration, wave function finding
*k*and*a*, etc - maths cannot be learned passively you have to actively engage with it by doing problems
- put your effort into understanding rather than merely memorising maths facts
- take a wider picture of what is going on in maths
- develop a feel for the kind of thing to do in solving a problem, or in working through a question
- take the pressure off your memory

- review your work at regular intervals — I know this is a drag but it works, the more you look at something the easier it is to understand
- practise past paper questions regularly — this should help you to feel more confident in identifying topics in questions (which is a problem that many students have)
- become someone who takes pride in being able to give a full and clear explanation for the solution to any given problem
- invest in and read Leckie’s Grade Booster which will reinforce many of the points made in tutorials
- invest in and read a maths dictionary such as Oxford Student’s Mathematics Dictionary which will help you to review earlier maths studies — NB this is important!
- consider using an app(s) that will help you improve your basic maths — this would make a big difference in helping you learn the new things in Higher
- try doing puzzles like sudoku, futoshiki, cryptic crosswords even — anything to get you using your brain
- read! — get interested in maths and science, literature, philosophy, art, technology, politics!
- maths is part of human culture — see it as such

- consider the use of flashcards and spaced repetition techniques for helping you learn and remember vocabulary and maths facts — my brainscape flashcards on SQA Higher Maths which help aid understanding
- invest in and read Leckie’s study skills guide for National 5 and Higher
- consider to yourself: how can I ask better questions? Please note that I do not mean that you should self censor your questions — ask away! But do consider, in a cool hour, what questions you want to ask and how you want to ask them. Pointing to a problem in a past paper and asking “How do you do this?”, is not a good question, in my opinion.
- learn to ask mathematical questions eg things like “why do we divide here?”
- see also Bill Shilito’s question prompts
- at the very least ask questions to yourself — “why” being the main one which will help you to review and hopefully consolidate your understanding

- as the exam approaches work through exam papers in a methodical manner — structure your revision in order to aid retention of material, approaches and methods
- as the exam approaches keep your focus on getting an ‘A’
- in a sympathetic way — lots of rewards for hard work, take breaks, etc

- maths cannot be learned passively you need to actively engage with it by doing problems — yes I know I’m repeating myself but this is important! Maths is not a spectator sport!
- work on a gradient — that is in any study session try easier problems first and work up to harder problems
- use the HSN unit summary notes — these were produced for the pre CfE Higher Maths exam but the content remains virtually unchanged — whilst working on problems and past paper questions. The idea is to transfer the information on the sheets to your brain — eventually your need to refer to the notes reduces because you know the formula or result ie it is in your brain!
- use your textbook as a source of notes and worked examples — use the method in the book to solve a problem you are stuck with
- similarly, and I would hope that this doesn’t really need to be said, use your teacher’s class notes and worked examples — a lot of maths at this level consists of copying — but copying with understanding hopefully!
- remember nothing is being hidden from you, everything is in front of you in black and white — but if you cannot see it, please ask!
- read your your notes with attention
- do problems with attention — switch off social media
- when revising, and a question or problem gives rise to a feeling of aversion or revulsion, this is a sign that this is a topic you need to revise! Find out how to answer it so that the negative emotion is dissipated! Doing this will boost your confidence.
- read the advice in the front of the Official Past Papers — browse it in W H Smith’s if you don’t want to buy it (the papers are available online after all)
- be optimistic “Winners are people who expect to win.”
- you want to maximise marks gained through knowing maths and being able to apply common sense
- you want to minimise marks lost through
- careless errors
- not answering the question by not reading the question with sufficient care
- not setting out working in a clear and logical manner

Please see my other writing on how to study to do well in Higher maths: my scheme